Minerals are essential Nutrient like Micro nutrient and Macro nutrient. Minerals are inorganic substances needed by the body for performing various functions major minerals are required in larger amount and include calcium Phosphorus, potassium, sodium.Trace minerals are needed in very minute amount and includes iron, Iodine. Whether major or trace, all minerals are vital and very much needed for the normal functioning of the body. Here are some vital minerals:
Sodium is needed to regulate water content in the body and electrolyte balance it is also needed for the absorption of some nutrients and water from the gut sodium is present in very small amount in raw foods. it is often added as salt during food processing preparation reservation and serving Sodium is a chemical element with the symbol Na and atomic number 11. It is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. Sodium is an alkali metal, being in group 1 of the periodic table. Its only stable isotope is ²³Na. The free metal does not occur in nature, and must be prepared from compounds
Iron is needed to make hemoglobin the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the soup heme iron is obtained from animal sources and is absorb whereas non-heme iron, obtained from plant sources low bioavailability. Animal sources of iron include liver, meat, and eggs. Vegetable sources include lentils, beans, and green leafy vegetables.
Calcium is Important for the formation in the maintenance of strong bones and teeth as well as the normal functioning of nervous system and muscles it is also involved in blood clotting milk and dairy products are the most important sources of calcium
Zinc is essential for growth and normal development for reproduction and for keeping the immune system healthy it is present in wheat germ liver and needs to be dried watermelon seeds peanuts and dark chocolate
Phosphorus is essential for the structure of bones and teeth for the structure of the cell membrane and for energy metabolism the food sources phosphorus include milk meet and soya.
Potassium is essential for water and electrolyte balance and normal functioning of cells including nerves Potassium is present in all foods but who found richly IN fruits(dried fruits bananas and berries) in vegetable(e.g. spinach) meat nuts seeds and pulses
Iodine is required to make thyroid hormone that helps to control metabolism iodine is essential for the development of the brain and nervous system in the fetus. The best source of iodine is the Seaweed “Kelp” followed by iodized salt. Presence of iodine in X and dairy products depends largely upon the content of iodine in the feed of poultry
Fluoride is needed for the formation of Strong Teeth and protects against dental decay fluoride can be found in drinking water and a small amount in saltwater fish
Water is the most important nutrient of the body It is involved in every what is the function and makes up 17-75 of the total body weight water content of the body .Water is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth’s hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients.
It is highest in childhood and keeps on decreasing with age water help in maintaining body temperature SST metabolism with kids and transport nutrients
It can also help in making your such as tears sweat and urine and allows chemical processes to happen in the body sufficient water also gives the skin healthy and most guys and also prevent wrinkles one should bring 8 glasses of the water every day